Vol. 4 No. 2 (2021): Pakistan Journal of International Affairs

Ethnic Conflict and the Political Instability in Afghanistan

Published 2021-06-30


Over the last century, Afghanistan has been plugged by the local, national, and regional conflict that effectively handicapped the ability of the country to maintain the sovereignty of the country and protecting its citizens and their national interest. Ethnic conflict within the state jurisdiction causes unrest in Afghanistan that helps other regional and global powers to directly interfere in domestic policies. In addressing the need for political stability in Afghanistan, this article first examines the factors contributing to the country’s current state of instability including the presence of religious militant groups and warlords struggling to maintain control. As a result of tribal and ethnic throughout the region causes political instability in Afghanistan. Next, this article addresses the need for cooperation among the tribal and ethnic groups for political stability in Afghanistan. Last, this article suggests ways in which Afghanistan may achieve political stability through the cooperation of ethnic and tribal groups. This article concludes that through encouraging cooperation among the tribal and ethnic groups Afghanistan will likely become a more peaceful and politically stable country.