Vol. 4 No. 2 (2021): Pakistan Journal of International Affairs
Articles

SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS BEHIND THE PREVALENCE OF CHILD LABOR IN AGRICULTURE SECTOR OF DISTRICT LASBELA, BALOCHISTAN, PAKISTAN

Published 2021-06-30

Abstract

Child labor is one of the major and serious problems across the globe, with the number of children are escalating each year. There are thousands of children working in agriculture sector as child labor. The prevalence of agriculture child labor is extensive in less developed countries. Agriculture occupies a significant place in the economic prosperity of Pakistan, as well as it is one of the main sectors where people are associated for earing and livelihood. The objective of this study is to determine the socio-economic factors behind the child labor in agriculture sector of district Lasbela, Balochistan. Lasbela is considered a major agriculture zone in Balochistan and there are large number of children who are working as child labor in this area. The main cause which leads to children toward labor activities is poverty and low household income. A child working as a laborer in the fields of agriculture is to assist their family’s income. In the present research, 50 children who were working as laborer were selected through the purposive sampling technique. They were interviewed through semi-structured interview which consist of number of questions. Mostly working children were illiterate and dropouts from schools. Majority of the working children face some issues related to their physical and mental health. Thus, this study discovered that mostly working children come to agriculture sector due to low household income and inherited poverty in district of Lasbela, Balochistan.