Vol. 4 No. 1 (2021): Pakistan Journal of International Affairs


Published 2021-03-31


Pakistan appeared on the globe of the world as an independent country in 1947 after the British rule ended in India. At the time of independence, Pakistan inherited an educational system that was launched by a foreign government before hundred years ago. This system was established on economic, cultural, social, and political notions that were totally dissimilar from the ideologies of independent nations. During the colonial period, specific development in the education system has been observed. However, this development was mostly restricted to Indian areas. The areas consisted of Pakistan were surprisingly backward in all fields as well as in education. 85% of the population of Pakistan was illiterate at the time of independence. The literacy rate was much low in underdeveloped regions such as Baluchistan and the share of rural women in literacy rate was almost zero. A reviewing study of the history of educational planning and policymaking in Pakistan during the period of 1947 to 1980 was commenced which demonstrates that fixing of goals and targets, unsuccessfulness in the achievement of these goals, and fixing of new tasks with demonstrative willingness is an ongoing activity. The policymakers have been playing this game on countless public expenses from the past more than 70 years. Different forms of governments whether military or civilians, socialist or Islamic, elected or otherwise have done slight alterations in the style of playing of this game. The outcomes have been similar in all instances. The purpose of the study is to learn the salient features of educational planning and policies in Pakistan from 1947 to 1980. The analysis shows the lack of political commitment towards education or literacy. This paper recommends that the targets of educational policies can be acquired through the implementation of a proper mechanism for the execution and constant monitoring of these policies.