INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION UNDER THE PROFOUND CHANGES UNSEEN IN A CENTURY: DIFFICULTIES AND SOLUTIONS
The world today is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century, and its evolution is accelerating. From the perspective of international relations, the international pattern has taken on the following new features: First, the international balance of power has changed. The main manifestations are: the decline of the strength of the western traditional powers; the collective rise of emerging economies; Sino-US relations have entered a period of strategic competition; Second, the Western-dominated international cooperation and global governance are in a lot of difficulties. Although the power politics model is changing to the global governance model, the Western-dominated international economic and trade cooperation, global economic governance, global climate governance, public health, cultural governance and other fields are in trouble. The fundamental reason is the concern of relative gains in the economic field. Political hegemony, “anti-globalization”, “anti-establishment” trend of thought, “power politics resurgence”; In culture level, “culture conflict theory” is advocated. At a time when international cooperation and global governance are stuck in a real dilemma and unable to find effective solutions to global issues, the era calls on emerging economies to step onto the world stage and actively participate in international cooperation to solve common crises facing the world. South-south cooperation among developing countries is leading a new paradigm of international cooperation. As the largest developing country in the world, China offers its solutions and wisdom in international cooperation and global governance.