Vol. 4 No. 2 (2021): Pakistan Journal of International Affairs
Articles

CONSTRUCTIVISM IN INDIA-PAKISTAN RELATIONS: A CRITIQUE FROM REALISM

Published 2021-06-30

Abstract

India-Pakistan relations have been tried to be explained through constructivist perspectives. It is common fact that ideological and identity differences resulted in the division of Indo-Pak subcontinent in 1947. The Two Nation Theory is put forward as the main factor responsible for the division of India. The postindependence international relationship between the two regional giants is also explained through constructivist perspective. It is argued that the ideational differences of ideology and identity between the two nations are so wide that cooperative relations cannot ensue between them. However, this paper considers material interest or power politics as not only responsible for the division of India but that post-independence rancor owes much to the material aspect of India-Pakistan relations. In a word, this paper is a critique of pure constructivist approach to IndiaPakistan relations and instead, presents (neo) realist approach in explaining India-Pakistan historical and present animosity.