Vol. 4 No. 3 (2021): Pakistan Journal of International Affairs
Articles

IS BLOOD THICKER THAN WATER? A HYDROLOGICAL VERSUS IDEOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE OF THE KASHMIR DISPUTE

Published 2021-09-27

Abstract

India-Pakistan ideological differences have remained one of the most important aspects of the Kashmir dispute and the same has been projected in the wide literature available on the dispute. However, the dispute has a strong hydrological dimension as well which has hitherto been ignored in academic debates. This paper argues that the Kashmir dispute has been expressed and projected in different political, strategic, humanitarian, and ideological flavors. In addition to these facets, one important dimension of the dispute is its hydrological value. It is the waters of Kashmir that are vital for the economies of the two regional giants of India and Pakistan that have made the territory of Kashmir dear to both the contending states. Though, both the parties to the dispute have rarely explicitly stated their interests in the region of Kashmir in terms of water, yet, it is the hydrological value that has made Kashmir a nuclear flashpoint between
India and Pakistan.