Vol. 5 No. 2 (2022): Pakistan Journal of International Affairs


Published 2022-05-29


This research aims to analyze the mediation in decades-long Kashmir disputes while considering the various options for peaceful resolutions under international Law. Kashmiris are deprived of their rights. More than 12.55 million people have been denied their right to selfdetermination, nationality, sovereignty, and freedom of speech due to India's unlawful occupation of Jammu and Kashmir. There are several violations of international law and the UN Charter by the Indian Armed Forces in Indian Illegally Occupied Kashmir (IIOJK). This paper critically analyzes the recent move of BJP's Government through constitutional invasion to bring demographic changes in Kashmir unilaterally. It illuminates how India has violated the Simla Agreement of 1972 and its constitution. The people of Kashmir have been blocked off from the rest of the world, and there is no communication, travel, and connectivity. Pakistan should also use lawfare to develop a peaceful solution with consideration of Kashmiri people, and necessary steps should be taken to show the natural face of India on various forums. This study also analyzes that India disregards mediation and negation efforts by other states. Despite this, the international community's response to this humanitarian debacle has been abysmal and ineffective. Lastly, this research suggests that India's aggressive actions in Kashmir will continue to persist if the international community does not take note of India's violence in Kashmir.