Vol. 5 No. 2 (2022): Pakistan Journal of International Affairs
Articles

ECONOMIC PULL FACTORS OF MIGRATION IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA – EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF ASIAN IMMIGRANTS

Published 2022-05-29

Abstract

Migration is one of the most rapidly expanding challenges in the era of globalization. The flood of migrants causes numerous issues for the host country. Therefore, the objective of this study is to assess the impact of economic pull factors on Asian immigrants in the United States of America. The three fastest-growing Asian economies, China, India, and Pakistan, are studied to narrow down the scope of this study and provide more precise facts. To achieve this study’s objective, 5 yearly data is collected from World Development indicators, Social Security Administration and (USA) and US Census Bureau from 1990 to 2019. The study used three Asian countries (China, India and Pakistan) to find out the effect of Economic Pull Factors on migration in the United States of America. Furthermore, panel data estimation is used to analyze this effect, in which Random effect estimation is employed after confirming with Hausman Test. The findings indicate that in the case of these countries economic factors are not the only reasons for the increase in Asian immigrants in the USA. The study suggested that a rights-based approach could provide a consistent standard for resolving international wage disparities, access to public services, and working conditions. Economic growth and political stability in the home country are required to reduce migration intentions.