CLIMATE CHANGE AND WATER CRISIS, CONSEQUENCES ON AGRICULTURE AND HYDROLOGICAL JUSTICE: CASE STUDY OF PAKISTAN
Hydrologic justice is necessary in the current time of climate change deteriorating effects. This thesis examines the impacts of climate change on Pakistan's hydrological system and agriculture sector and evaluates the government and stakeholder response to such impacts, with a focus on the water crisis and its implications for hydrological justice. The study uses qualitative research methods to analyse the data collected from various sources, including interviews, and observation. The findings of the research indicate that climate change has led to a reduction in water availability, which has had a significant impact on Pakistan's agriculture sector, particularly small-scale farmers. The frequency of extreme weather events such as droughts and floods has also exacerbated the water crisis, leading to inequitable distribution and access to water resources. The study highlights the importance of hydrological justice in addressing the water crisis in Pakistan. The government, policymakers, and stakeholders must prioritize the needs of vulnerable communities and ensure equitable distribution of water resources. Additionally, promoting sustainable agriculture practices and investing in climate-resilient infrastructure can help reduce the impacts of climate change on Pakistan's hydrological system and agriculture sector. Overall, the study emphasizes the urgent need for a comprehensive approach to address the water crisis in Pakistan and pursue hydrological justice. The research findings provide valuable insights for policymakers, practitioners, and academics interested in climate change, hydrology, agriculture, and environmental justice.