THE CHALLENGES OF PRESERVING NATURE AND ENSURING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT UNDER ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS OF PAKISTAN
Environmental degradation and unsustainable development pose significant challenges to Pakistan in the present day. The country has implemented environmental laws with the aim of preserving nature and promoting sustainable development. However, the effective implementation of these laws remains a considerable challenge. This research article aims to explore the obstacles faced in preserving nature and achieving sustainable development within the framework of Pakistan's environmental laws. To conduct this study, a qualitative research approach is employed. The research involves a comprehensive review of relevant literature, policies, and legal frameworks. By analyzing these sources, the article identifies the key challenges and provides recommendations for improvement. The findings of the research indicate that several factors contribute to the inadequate implementation of environmental laws in Pakistan. One of the primary challenges is the lack of political will to enforce these laws effectively. Insufficient allocation of resources towards environmental protection further exacerbates the problem. Additionally, the enforcement mechanisms in place often fall short, leading to poor compliance and limited accountability. The research emphasizes the need for strengthening environmental governance in Pakistan. This can be achieved by enhancing the capacity and commitment of political institutions to enforce environmental laws. Furthermore, increasing public awareness about environmental issues and promoting sustainable development practices are crucial elements in preserving nature and achieving sustainable development in the country.