Vol. 7 No. 1 (2024): Pakistan Journal of International Affairs
Articles

WAR ON TERROR IMPACTS ON SOCIAL FABRIC: INTRASTATE SECTARIANISM AND SOCIAL COHESION IN PAKISTAN

Published 2024-03-20

Abstract

This paper examines the profound impacts of Pakistan's involvement in the global war on terror, initiated in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks. As a frontline state bordering Afghanistan, Pakistan became a non-formal ally of the U.S. in this conflict. However, the consequences have been detrimental, affecting various facets of Pakistani society. The study delves into the social, political, economic, and religious ramifications of the war on terror, exploring how it has hindered economic development, disrupted the social fabric, and altered political landscapes. The research underscores the intensified conflict, reaching densely populated areas like the federally administered tribal areas, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, northern areas, and Karachi. The findings reveal a significant inverse relationship between terrorist activities and political, economic, and social advancements. Moreover, the security situation in Pakistan rapidly deteriorated, necessitating military operations within the country to counter terrorism. Overall, the war on terror has left a lasting impact on Pakistan's political, economic, social, and religious dimensions.